Theories of Justice. Rawls, Habermas, Luhmann, Derrida
|SEMESTER:||5th / 7th semester|
|ERASMUS :||Not available|
In this course, we will attempt to explain what is valuable about equality. We will do so by exploring its relationship with justice, a relationship that is complicated und frequently misunderstood. Does equality play a major role in a theory of justice, and if so, what is this role? We argue that the idea of equality is at the heart of political modernity. At the same time, modernity is characterized by an attitude of critical reflection on the notion of equality in view of its consequences for the lives of individuals. This course explores the sources and legitimacy as well as the limitations and problems of this attitude toward equality in the work of such thinkers as Rawls, Habermas, Luhmann and Derrida. Looking at key texts in modern political philosophy, we develop the claim that there is a basic und irreconcilable conflict in justice between general demands of equality and attention to the individual.